Caladenia – Spider orchids, dragon orchids, zebra orchids, candy orchids, fan orchids and fairy orchids.

List of Orchids Found

Caladenia filamentosa complex (Wispy spider orchids)

Flowering – Late June to early December

There are 43 Western Australian species

  1. A single, usually narrow, hairy leaf with in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 3 flowers.
  3. Most species have long wispy petals and lateral sepals.
  4. Labellum with short, serrate or dentate fringe segments and two rows of calli.

Caladenia chapmanii (Chapman’s spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia dimidia (Chameleon spider orchid) 11/08/2017

Caladenia erythronema (Red thread spider orchid) 20/09/2017

Caladenia filifera (Blood spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia footeana (Crimson spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia horistes (Cream spider orchid) 07/09/2018

Caladenia incensa (Glistening spider orchid) 05/09/2019

Caladenia microchila (Western wispy spider orchid) 16/07/2017

Caladenia paradoxa ( Ironcaps spider orchid) 20/09/2017

Caladenia pendens (Pendant spider orchid) 01/09/2017

Caladenia vulgata (Common spider orchid) 16/07/2017

Caladenia xantha (Primrose spider orchid) 28/07/2015


Caladenia longicauda complex (White spider orchids)

Flowering – Late June to early December

There are 14 Western Australian species

  1. Long hairy leaf with flattened or in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 4 (rarely 5) predominately white flowers.
  3. Long wispy, spreading to pendulous petals and lateral sepals.
  4. Labellum with long fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia longicauda subsp. albella (Small-lipped white spider orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia longicauda subsp. australora (Southern white spider orchid) 27/08/2017

Caladenia longicauda subsp. borealis (Daddy long-legs white spider orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia longicauda subsp. calcigena (Coastal white spider orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia longicauda subsp. crassa (Esperance white spider orchid) 27/08/2017

Caladenia longicauda subsp. eminens (Stark white spider orchid) 07/09/2018

Caladenia longicauda subsp. rigidula (Rigid white spider orchid) 26/09/2015


Caladenia huegelii complex (King spider orchid)

Flowering – August to December

There are 22 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with flattened or in-curved margins.
  2. 1 to 4 flowers with clubbed sepals.
  3. Most have shorter petals than lateral sepals.
  4. Labellum with short to long, often thickened fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia decora (Esperance king spider orchid) 30/07/2017

Caladenia heberleana (Heberle’s spider orchid) 22/09/2017


Caladenia longiclavata complex (Clubbed spider orchids)

Flowering – August to November

There are 6 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with flattened or in-curved margins.
  2. 1 to 3 flowers with clubbed sepals.
  3. Most also have clubbed petals.
  4. Labellum with narrow fringe segments with pointed ends and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia arrecta (Reaching spider orchid) 31/07/2015


Caladenia falcata complex (Green spider orchids)

Flowering – August to early December

There are 9 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with flattened or slightly in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 3, rarely 4 flowers with clubbed sepals.
  3. Some have up-swept lateral sepals.
  4. Four or more rows of labellum lamina calli.
  5. Most have long labellum fringe segments with pointed tips

Caladenia attigens subsp. gracillima (Small mantis orchid) 13/09/2014

Caladenia attigens subsp. ‘granite’ (Granite mantis orchid) 06/09/2018

Caladenia exstans (Pointing spider orchid) 23/09/2017

Caladenia falcata (Fringed mantis orchid) 02/09/2017


Caladenia hoffmanii complex (Hoffman’s spider orchids)

Flowering – August to early February

There are 4 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf which is flattened or has in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 2 flowers.
  3. Shortened petals and sepals.
  4. Long, fine labellum fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia graminifolia (Grass-leafed spider orchid) 27/08/2017


Caladenia roei complex (Small spider orchids)

Flowering – August to early October

There are 7 Western Australian species

  1. Hairy leaf that may be flattened or have in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 2, rarely 3 flowers.
  3. Shortened petals and sepals.
  4. Large, rounded labellum with smooth margins and a dense central band of calli.

Caladenia brevisura (Short-sepaled spider orchid) 07/09/2018

Caladenia doutchiae (Purple-veined spider orchid) 19/09/2017

Caladenia roei (Clown orchid, ant orchid, man orchid, jack-in-the-box) 02/09/2017


Caladenai cairnsiana complex (Zebra orchids)

Flowering – July to early November

There are 2 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with slightly in-curved margins.
  2. Petals and lateral sepals of similar length and both hang downwards.
  3. Distinctly up-swept labellum with smooth margins, and glandular tip.
  4. Dense central band of labellum lamina calli.

Caladenia cairnsiana (Zebra orchid) 27/08/2017

Caladenia pachychila (Dwarf zebra orchid) 28/08/2018


Caladenia barbarossa complex (Dragon orchids)

Flowering – August to mid November

There are 4 Western Australian species

  1. Relatively short, broad, green leaf. Often lies flat on the ground.
  2. 1, rarely 2 flowers
  3. Shortened petals and lateral sepals, down-swept to hanging.
  4. Dorsal sepal often bend backwards.
  5. Densely hairy labellum with a large gland at it’s highest point.

Caladenia barbarossa (Common dragon orchid)

Caldaenia mesocera (Narrow-lipped dragon orchid) 03/09/2019


Caladenia hirta complex (Candy orchids)

Flowering – Late June to early November

There is 1 Western Australian species, comprising 2 sub-species

  1. Broad, flattened hairy leaf.
  2. 1 to 3 (rarely to 6) white or pink flowers.
  3. Short, spreading petals and sepals.
  4. Narrow, upright labellum with short fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia hirta subsp. hirta (Candy orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia hirta subsp. rosea (Pink candy orchid) 01/09/2017


Caladenia nana complex (Pink fans)

Flowering – Late September to November

There is 1 Western Australian species, comprising 2 sub-species.

  1. Broad, hairy leaf.
  2. Up to 3 (rarely to 5) usually pink flowers.
  3. Petals and sepals form a fan-like arrangement.
  4. Lateral sepals are united near the base.
  5. Labellum with short fringe segments and calli confined near the base.


Caladenia latifolia complex (Fairy orchids, cowslip orchids)

Flowering – July to December

There are 4 Western Australian species

  1. Colony forming habit.
  2. Relatively, broad hairy leaf.
  3. 1 to 4 (rarely to 6) pink, yellow or white flowers.
  4. Short, stiffly spreading petals and sepals, lacking clubs.
  5. Tri-lobed labellum with a raised plate near the base.
  6. Calli extend from either side of the plate.

Caladenia flava subsp. flava (Cowslip orchid) 13/08/2017

Caladenia flava subsp. maculata (Kalbarri cowslip orchid) 03/09/2019

Caladenia latifolia (Pink fairies) 26/08/2017

Caladenia marginata (White fairy orchid)

Caladenia reptans subsp. impensa (Pale pink fairy)

Caladenia reptans subsp. reptans (Little pink fairy, dwarf pink fairy) 13/08/2017


Caladenia – mixed

Caladenia creba (Arrowsmith spider orchid)

Caladenia discoidea (Dancing spider orchid) 30/07/2017

Caladenia multiclavia (Lazy spider orchid)

Caladenia radialis (Drooping spider orchid) 19/9/2017

Caladenia sigmoidea (Sigmoid spider orchid) 30/08/2018

Caladenia wanosa (Kalbarri spider orchid)


Caladenia Hybrids

Caladenia x coactescens (Northern sandplain spider orchid) 03/09/2019 – Lake Indoon

Caladenia x spectabilis (Spectacular spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia brevisura x C. vulgata 07/09/2018 – Pallarup Rock

Caladenia flava x C. nana 23/09/2017 – Boyatup

Caladenia flava x C. reptans

Caladenia radialis x C. roei 04/09/2019 – Datjoin Well/Rock

Unknown 28/08/2018 – Wattle Rocks, Holland Track


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