2019 Road Trip – Orchids Found

List of Orchids Found, Numerous days, Road Trip

I have listed the orchids found in chronological order

24/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Ravensthorpe to Nunijup Lake

25/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Nunijup Lake to Redmond West (Mundal 4WD Track)

26/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Redmond West to North Walpole

27/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – North Walpole to Shannon

28/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Shannon to Sue’s Bridge

29/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Sue’s Bridge to Margaret River

30/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Margaret River

31/08/2019

2019 Road Trip – Margaret River to Bedfordale

02/09/2019

2019 Road Trip – Bedfordale to Caron Dam Reserve via Lake Indoon

03/09/2019

2019 Road Trip – Caron Dam Reserve to Burakin

04/09/2019

2019 Road Trip – Burakin to Beringbooding Rock

05/09/2019

2019 Road Trip – Beringbooding Rock to Narembeen

06/09/2019

2019 Road Trip – Narembeen to Flat Rock Nature Reserve

07/09/2019

2019 Road Trip – Flat Rock Nature Reserve to Ravensthorpe

08/09/2019

Road Trip 2019 – Ravensthorpe to Esperance

Diuris – Donkey orchids, bee orchids, nanny goat orchids and pansy orchids.

List of Orchids Found

Diuris corymbosa complex (Donkey orchids)

Flowering – June to early December

There are 26 Western Australian species

  • Colony forming habit
  • Broad, often prominently reflexed dorsal sepal
  • Narrow, hanging or reflexed lateral sepals
  • Mostly winter-spring flowering

Western wheatbelt donkey orchid (Diuris brachyscapa) 29/07/2015

South coast donkey orchid (Diuris brockmanii) 01/08/2015

Winter donkey orchid (Diuris brumalis) 12/08/2018

Spectacled donkey orchid (Diuris conspicillata) 24/9/2018 – Dempster Head N.R.

Common donkey orchid (Diuris corymbosa) 13/08/2017

Yellow granite donkey orchid (Diuris hazeliae) 07/09/2017

Dunsborough donkey orchid (Diuris jonesii)

Green Range donkey orchid (Diuris littoralis) 25/07/2015

Purple pansy orchid (Diuris longiflora) 27/08/2020

Pale donkey orchid (Diuris pallescens) 03/09/2019

Small flowered donkey orchid (Diuris porrifolia) 13/08/2017

Beautiful donkey orchid (Diuris pulchella) 25/6/2017

Dainty donkey orchid (Diuris refracta) 03/09/2019

Sandplain donkey orchid (Diuris tinctoria)


Diuris laxiflora complex (Bee orchids)

Flowering – August to January

There are 18 Western Australian species

  • Long, terete leaves. Circular in cross-section
  • Erect, tapering dorsal sepal
  • Forward projecting lateral sepals
  • Labellum usually longer than lateral lobes

Elegant donkey orchid (Diuris concinna) 30/09/2018 – Lane Road

Common bee orchid (Diuris decrementa) 30/09/2018 – Coolinup Road

Bee orchid (Diuris laxiflora) 20/09/2020 Boydell Road


Diuris laevis complex (Nanny goat orchids)

Flowering – September to November

There are 2 Western Australian species

  • Flowering stimulated by summer fire
  • Laterally splayed petals and a small dorsal sepal
  • Flattened labellum mid lobe

Pansy orchids are included in the Corymbosa complex.

Pterostylis – Greenhoods, shell orchids, bird orchids, snail orchids & jug orchid.

List of Orchids Found

Pterostylis aspera complex (Shell orchids)

Flowering – May to August

There are 7 Western Australian species

  • Rosette leaves are present on non-flowering plants only.
  • Flowering plants have stem leaves.
  • Plants are found in colonies.
  • Mostly winter flowering

Green-veined shell orchid (Pterostylis scabra)

Curled-tongue shell orchid (Pterostylis rogersii) 02/07/2017

Dwarf shell orchid (Pterostylis brevichila) 01/07/2017

Red-veined shell orchid (Pterostylis hamiltonii) 12/08/2018

Pterostylis nana complex (Snail orchids)

Flowering – May to November

There are 34 recognised Western Australian species

  • Flowering and non-flowering plants have a rosette of leaves (Exception – Robust snail orchid).
  • Labellum is not visible (Exception – Shy greenhood).
  • Narrow, thickened or clubbed lateral sepals.
  • Flowers are generally much smaller than the similar Shell orchids.

Shy greenhood (Pterostylis allantoidea)

Robust snail orchid (Pterostylis dilatata) 12/08/2018

Slender snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘crinkled leaf’) 29/07/2015 (Pterostylis crispula)

Hairy-stemmed snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘inland’) 04/07/2015 (Pterostylis setulosa)

Eastern granite snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘miniature’) 09/07/2017

Skinny snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘skinny’) 29/07/2015

Fawn snail orchid (Pterostylis parva)

Lort river snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘south-coast clubbed sepals’) 02/07/2017

Red-sepaled snail orchid (Pterostylis erubescens)

Ravensthorpe snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘Ravensthorpe’)

Karri snail orchid (Pterostylis karri)

Coastal snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘coastal snail’)

Murdoch snail orchid (Pterostylis ectypha) 19/08/2020

Southern thick-sepaled snail orchid (Pterostylis meridianalis)

Brittle snail orchid (Pterostylis timothyi)


Pterostylis rufa complex (Rufous greenhoods)

Flowering – August to December

There are 23 Western Australian species

  • Rosette may be withered at time of flowering.
  • Narrow ended lateral sepals, joined at the base.
  • Mostly spring flowering.
  • Multi-flowered inflorescence.

Midget greenhood (Pterostylis mutica) 20/9/2017

Striped rufous greenhood (Pterostylis sp. ‘striped’) (Pterostylis zebrina)

Insect-lipped rufous greenhood (Pterostylis insectifera)

Ravensthorpe rufous greenhood (Pterostylis leptochila)

Rufous greenhood (Pterostylis roensis)

Elegant rufous greenhood (Pterostylis elegantissma)

Straight-topped rufous greenhood (Pterostylis sp. ‘straight tops’)


Pterostylis vittata complex (Banded greenhoods)

Flowering – April to October

There are 9 Western Australian species

  • Flowering plants lack rosette of leaves.
  • Short, broad lateral sepals, joined at the base.
  • Green or brown, white banded flowers.
  • Multi-flowered inflorescence.

Mallee banded greenhood (Pterostylis arbuscula) 12/08/2018

Crowded banded greenhood (Pterostylis atrosanguinea) 25/08/2020

Cupped banded greenhood (Pterostylis concava) 22/08/2020

Small banded greenhood (Pterostylis orbiculata) 25/08/2020

Dark banded greenhood (Pterostylis sanguinea) 25/07/2015

Frog greenhood (Pterostylis sargentii) 20/09/2017

Banded greenhood (Pterostylis vittata) 09/06/2018


Pterostylis barbata complex (Bird orchids)

Flowering – July to November

There are 14 Western Australian species

  • No flattened rosette of leaves.
  • Feather-like, irritable labellum.
  • Long narrow lateral sepals, joined at the base.
  • Numerous stem leaves.

Bird orchid (Pterostylis barbata)

Dwarf bird orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘dwarf’) 20/09/2017 (Pterostylis galgula)

Bearded bird orchid (Pterostylis turfosa)


Pterostylis recurva

Flowering – August to October

This orchid does not fit into the other Pterostylis complexes

  • Narrow ended, prominently recurved lateral sepals.
  • Flowering plants lack a rosette of leaves.
  • Numerous stem leaves, with a small dark-coloured, almost circular leaf near the base

Jug orchid (Pterostylis recurva) 19/9/2017

Road Trip 2017 – Listing of Orchids found

List of Orchids Found

Over our 20 day road trip we were lucky enough to find more than 44 different orchids. I have listed them below with almost all pictured and sorted firstly into their Genus then the first date found.

Pterostylis

Jug orchid (Pterostylis recurva) 01/09/2017

Midget greenhood (Pterostylis mutica) 01/09/2017

Banded greenhood (Pterostylis vittata) 01/09/2017

Frog greenhood (Pterostylis sargentii) 01/09/2017

Dark banded greenhood (Pterostylis sanguinea) 01/09/2017

Hairy stemmed snail orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘inland’) 02/09/2017

Dwarf bird orchid (Pterostylis sp. ‘dwarf’) 20/09/2017

Cyanicula

Western tiny blue orchid (Cyanicula aperta) 01/09/2017

Dainty blue orchid (Cyanicula amplexans) 05/09/2017

Blue china orchid (Cyanicula gemmata) 18/09/2017

Pyrorchis

Red beaks (Pyrorchis nigricans) 01/09/2017

Ericksonella

Sugar orchid (Ericksonella saccharata)

Diuris

Western wheatbelt donkey orchid (Diuris brachyscapa) 01/09/2017

Mottled donkey orchid (Diuris suffusa) 03/09/2017

Yellow granite donkey orchid (Diuris hazeliae) 05/09/2017

Pale donkey orchid (Diuris sp. ‘mid-north’) 15/09/2017

Dainty donkey orchid (Diuris refracta) 16/09/2017

Common bee orchid (Diuris decrementa) 16/09/2017

Common donkey orchid (Diuris corymbosa) 17/09/2017

Prasophyllum

Little laughing leek orchid (Prasophyllum gracile) 01/09/2017

Caladenia

Cowslip orchid (Caladenia flava subsp. flava) 01/09/2017

Pink candy orchid (Caladenia hirta subsp. rosea) 01/09/2017

Common spider orchid (Caladenia vulgata) 01/09/2017

Chameleon spider orchid (Caladenia dimidia) 01/09/2017

Western wispy spider orchid (Caladenia microchila) 01/09/2017

Ballerina spider orchid (Caladenia melanema) 01/09/2017

Little pink fairy (Caladenia reptans subsp. reptans) 02/09/2017

Fringed mantis orchid (Caladenia falcata) 02/09/2017

Dancing spider orchid (Caladenia discoidea) 02/09/2017

Crimson spider orchid (Caladenia footeana) 02/09/2017

Chapman’s spider orchid (Caladenia chapmanii) 02/09/2017

Spectacular spider orchid (Caladenia x spectabilis) 02/09/2017

Ant orchid (Caladenia roei) 02/09/2017

Drooping spider orchid (Caladenia radialis) 03/09/2017

Blood spider orchid (Caladenia filifera) 03/09/2017

Pink fairies (Caladenia latifolia) 19/09/2017

Purple-veined spider orchid (Caladenia doutchiae) 19/09/2017

Pendant spider orchid (Caladenia pendens subsp. pendens) 19/09/2017

Red thread spider orchid (Caladenia erythronema) 20/09/2017

Pheladenia

Blue beard (Pheladenia deformis) 02/09/2017

Thelymitra

Lemon-scented sun orchid (Thelymitra antennifera) 02/09/2017

Granite sun orchid (Thelymitra petrophila) 9/9/2017

Elythanthera

Purple enamel orchid (Elythanthera brunonis) 15/9/2017

Spiculaea

Elbow orchid (Spiculaea ciliata) 19/09/2017

Caladenia – Spider orchids, dragon orchids, zebra orchids, candy orchids, fan orchids and fairy orchids.

List of Orchids Found

Caladenia filamentosa complex (Wispy spider orchids)

Flowering – Late June to early December

There are 43 Western Australian species

  1. A single, usually narrow, hairy leaf with in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 3 flowers.
  3. Most species have long wispy petals and lateral sepals.
  4. Labellum with short, serrate or dentate fringe segments and two rows of calli.

Caladenia chapmanii (Chapman’s spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia dimidia (Chameleon spider orchid) 11/08/2017

Caladenia erythronema (Red thread spider orchid) 20/09/2017

Caladenia filifera (Blood spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia footeana (Crimson spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia horistes (Cream spider orchid) 07/09/2018

Caladenia incensa (Glistening spider orchid) 05/09/2019

Caladenia microchila (Western wispy spider orchid) 16/07/2017

Caladenia paradoxa ( Ironcaps spider orchid) 20/09/2017

Caladenia pendens (Pendant spider orchid) 01/09/2017

Caladenia vulgata (Common spider orchid) 16/07/2017

Caladenia xantha (Primrose spider orchid) 28/07/2015


Caladenia longicauda complex (White spider orchids)

Flowering – Late June to early December

There are 14 Western Australian species

  1. Long hairy leaf with flattened or in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 4 (rarely 5) predominately white flowers.
  3. Long wispy, spreading to pendulous petals and lateral sepals.
  4. Labellum with long fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia longicauda subsp. albella (Small-lipped white spider orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia longicauda subsp. australora (Southern white spider orchid) 27/08/2017

Caladenia longicauda subsp. borealis (Daddy long-legs white spider orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia longicauda subsp. calcigena (Coastal white spider orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia longicauda subsp. crassa (Esperance white spider orchid) 27/08/2017

Caladenia longicauda subsp. eminens (Stark white spider orchid) 07/09/2018

Caladenia longicauda subsp. rigidula (Rigid white spider orchid) 26/09/2015


Caladenia huegelii complex (King spider orchid)

Flowering – August to December

There are 22 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with flattened or in-curved margins.
  2. 1 to 4 flowers with clubbed sepals.
  3. Most have shorter petals than lateral sepals.
  4. Labellum with short to long, often thickened fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia decora (Esperance king spider orchid) 30/07/2017

Caladenia heberleana (Heberle’s spider orchid) 22/09/2017


Caladenia longiclavata complex (Clubbed spider orchids)

Flowering – August to November

There are 6 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with flattened or in-curved margins.
  2. 1 to 3 flowers with clubbed sepals.
  3. Most also have clubbed petals.
  4. Labellum with narrow fringe segments with pointed ends and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia arrecta (Reaching spider orchid) 31/07/2015

Caladenia longiclavata (Clubbed spider orchid) 19/08/2020

Caladenia magniclavata (Big clubbed spider orchid) 19/08/2020


Caladenia falcata complex (Green spider orchids)

Flowering – August to early December

There are 9 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with flattened or slightly in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 3, rarely 4 flowers with clubbed sepals.
  3. Some have up-swept lateral sepals.
  4. Four or more rows of labellum lamina calli.
  5. Most have long labellum fringe segments with pointed tips

Caladenia attigens subsp. gracillima (Small mantis orchid) 13/09/2014

Caladenia attigens subsp. ‘granite’ (Granite mantis orchid) 06/09/2018

Caladenia exstans (Pointing spider orchid) 23/09/2017

Caladenia falcata (Fringed mantis orchid) 02/09/2017


Caladenia hoffmanii complex (Hoffman’s spider orchids)

Flowering – August to early February

There are 4 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf which is flattened or has in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 2 flowers.
  3. Shortened petals and sepals.
  4. Long, fine labellum fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia graminifolia (Grass-leafed spider orchid) 27/08/2017


Caladenia roei complex (Small spider orchids)

Flowering – August to early October

There are 7 Western Australian species

  1. Hairy leaf that may be flattened or have in-curved margins.
  2. Up to 2, rarely 3 flowers.
  3. Shortened petals and sepals.
  4. Large, rounded labellum with smooth margins and a dense central band of calli.

Caladenia brevisura (Short-sepaled spider orchid) 07/09/2018

Caladenia doutchiae (Purple-veined spider orchid) 19/09/2017

Caladenia roei (Clown orchid, ant orchid, man orchid, jack-in-the-box) 02/09/2017


Caladenai cairnsiana complex (Zebra orchids)

Flowering – July to early November

There are 2 Western Australian species

  1. Long, hairy leaf with slightly in-curved margins.
  2. Petals and lateral sepals of similar length and both hang downwards.
  3. Distinctly up-swept labellum with smooth margins, and glandular tip.
  4. Dense central band of labellum lamina calli.

Caladenia cairnsiana (Zebra orchid) 27/08/2017

Caladenia pachychila (Dwarf zebra orchid) 28/08/2018


Caladenia barbarossa complex (Dragon orchids)

Flowering – August to mid November

There are 4 Western Australian species

  1. Relatively short, broad, green leaf. Often lies flat on the ground.
  2. 1, rarely 2 flowers
  3. Shortened petals and lateral sepals, down-swept to hanging.
  4. Dorsal sepal often bend backwards.
  5. Densely hairy labellum with a large gland at it’s highest point.

Caladenia barbarossa (Common dragon orchid)

Caldaenia mesocera (Narrow-lipped dragon orchid) 03/09/2019


Caladenia hirta complex (Candy orchids)

Flowering – Late June to early November

There is 1 Western Australian species, comprising 2 sub-species

  1. Broad, flattened hairy leaf.
  2. 1 to 3 (rarely to 6) white or pink flowers.
  3. Short, spreading petals and sepals.
  4. Narrow, upright labellum with short fringe segments and four or more rows of calli.

Caladenia hirta subsp. hirta (Candy orchid) 02/09/2019

Caladenia hirta subsp. rosea (Pink candy orchid) 01/09/2017


Caladenia nana complex (Pink fans)

Flowering – Late September to November

There is 1 Western Australian species, comprising 2 sub-species.

  1. Broad, hairy leaf.
  2. Up to 3 (rarely to 5) usually pink flowers.
  3. Petals and sepals form a fan-like arrangement.
  4. Lateral sepals are united near the base.
  5. Labellum with short fringe segments and calli confined near the base.

Caladenia nana subsp. nana (Little Pink Fan orchid) 08/09/2021



Caladenia latifolia complex (Fairy orchids, cowslip orchids)

Flowering – July to December

There are 4 Western Australian species

  1. Colony forming habit.
  2. Relatively, broad hairy leaf.
  3. 1 to 4 (rarely to 6) pink, yellow or white flowers.
  4. Short, stiffly spreading petals and sepals, lacking clubs.
  5. Tri-lobed labellum with a raised plate near the base.
  6. Calli extend from either side of the plate.

Caladenia flava subsp. flava (Cowslip orchid) 13/08/2017

Caladenia flava subsp. maculata (Kalbarri cowslip orchid) 03/09/2019

Caladenia latifolia (Pink fairies) 26/08/2017

Caladenia marginata (White fairy orchid)

Caladenia reptans subsp. impensa (Pale pink fairy)

Caladenia reptans subsp. reptans (Little pink fairy, dwarf pink fairy) 13/08/2017


Caladenia – mixed

Caladenia creba (Arrowsmith spider orchid)

Caladenia discoidea (Dancing spider orchid) 30/07/2017

Caladenia macrostylis (Leaping spider orchid) 07/09/2021

Caladenia multiclavia (Lazy spider orchid) 12/09/2021

Caladenia plicata (Crab-lipped spider orchid) 08/09/2021

Caladenia radialis (Drooping spider orchid) 19/09/2017

Caladenia sigmoidea (Sigmoid spider orchid) 30/08/2018

Caladenia wanosa (Kalbarri spider orchid)


Caladenia Hybrids

Caladenia x coactescens (Northern sandplain spider orchid) 03/09/2019 – Lake Indoon

Caladenia x spectabilis (Spectacular spider orchid) 02/09/2017

Caladenia brevisura x C. vulgata 07/09/2018 – Pallarup Rock

Caladenia flava x C. nana 23/09/2017 – Boyatup

Caladenia flava x C. reptans

Caladenia radialis x C. roei 04/09/2019 – Datjoin Well/Rock

Unknown 28/08/2018 – Wattle Rocks, Holland Track